Electric bicycles, commonly called E-Bikes, are becoming increasingly popular and widely used. They are designed for different people and specific purposes.
When you are looking to buy an electric bike of your own, it can seem quite tricky selecting an electric bike that perfectly suits your taste.
The use of the electric bike will help you determine which bike to buy. What do you need an electric bike for? Do you need it for short distance or long distances?
Before you purchase an electric bike, there are some essential factors that you should look out for. In this article, we’ll explore all you need to know about electric bikes and what makes an electric bike stand out.
Components of an Electric Bike
Below are the component found on an electric bike, these components distinguish them from traditional bikes:
A small compact electric motor that provides a boost when you are riding.
The motor of the electric bike runs on a rechargeable battery.
The controller is usually found on the handlebar. It allows you to adjust the amount of assistance the motor gives you, see how much battery power is left, and how fast you can go.
Benefits of Electric Bikes
- The electric bike can be more comfortable since it allows the rider to cover more distance or climb hills when more moderate physical exercise is required. The bicycle does not do the riding for you.
- E-bikes are pollution-free, and cleaner air is another reason to ride an electric bike. You are not polluting the environment and riding with ease.
- If you need speed: there are also racing bikes with motors over 250 watts, which can go up to 25 to 45 miles per hour for a smooth ride.
- Quick and cheaper travels
- You get to exercise riding your electric bike
Categories of Electric Bikes
There are different categories of E-bikes:
- Electric mountain bikes
- Electric cruiser bikes
- Electric road/commuter bikes
- Electric cargo bikes
- Electric folding bikes
- Electric fat bikes
- Other specialty electric bikes
Factors to Consider Before Purchasing an E-bike
The most significant fact in establishing performance, and there is no way to escape the cost of a good battery. The battery power shouldn't be underrated. It's the most crucial factor to consider when purchasing an electric bike. There are built-in batteries and removal batteries.
There are three main types of E-bike batteries:
Lead-acid batteries are more affordable but rather heavy and more sensitive to climate changes.
Nickel-cadmium batteries are lighter in weight; these types of batteries have limited memory effect. Their performance will also be limited if they are not fully exhausted before recharging.
Finally, lithium batteries appear to be the best battery, but they are also the most expensive to buy.
Each battery type comes with different models. The power and quality of an E-bike depends on the model of the battery.
2. Setting a Budget
Like every other thing you want to buy, you also set a budget for your E-bike. You should have it in mind to buy the electric bike that is within your budget. The most common electric bikes on the market today range from $300 to $2500 in price. Pick an E-bike that seems more comfortable and suits your choice.
3. Quality and Service are Equally Important
Electric bikes are not toys to play with; they are a means people use in transporting themselves. The quality of the E-bike, irrespective of the drive system, is essential even if you occasionally use it.
While bicycle component quality is relatively easy to judge by looking over the listing of parts, motors and batteries can be difficult. If you aren't satisfied, do personal research on the battery model and motor quality. Carefully set your E-bike correctly to enable all components to function as they should.
Consult your retail bike dealer. He or she is your partner in maintaining the quality components you invested your money in.
4. The Warranty
Purchasing an electric bike is a considerable investment of capital, regardless of whether it is $1500 or $3000. With a warranty for the company, you can rest assured that your investment is worth the price. A two year or three-year warranty on parts, motor, and battery (with little exclusions for daily use)
Check for the E-bike warranty before buying an E-bike.
The motor of an E-bike is one of the essential components. It is also the driving force of any E-bike. There are two types of motors: the first one is mounted on the bike's wheels or mounted at the crank and pedal area, below the frame. This means that the engine comprises a controller that can detect your pedaling degree and can measure the assistance accordingly.
Generally, crank assisted bikes have fame for excellent performance on steep hills; however, there can be some noise on the sides depending on the type and brand. Hub motors are known to be quiet, but they don't handle hills and crank systems. It will generally help if you are looking for a good reputation, such as Bosch, Yamaha, or Shimano.
6. Choose the Right Model
Functionality is vital in every machinery. If a piece of equipment doesn't serve the purpose you want it to perform, it's automatically a loss of investment. So, before going for an E-bike, outline your requirements and expectations.
For instance, if you are searching for an electric bike, find one that offers you a comfortable seating position and also comes with high yet close handlebars, which can keep your arms feeling at ease even after hours of riding.
You are currently not short of options as more bikes have surfaced, which are sound and offer the same comfort levels when riding than a regular top-of-the-line bike. Besides, there are plenty which also comes with some accessories such as luggage bins and anti-theft devices, that can help, which not only help you carry your luggage but also keeps the vehicle relatively safe from bike thieves.
The range of an E-bike is referred to the distance between one charge of the battery. It's probably the most important requirement. If your journey involves a big hill, for example, you don't want to run out of power halfway up.
Without power, an E-bike is just an ordinary heavy bike. The range depends on the battery's capacity, the speed, weight, the level of assistance you choose, and the average performance of given paneling power.
If you're only going to do ten kilometers of daily commuting, you don't need a 70 km range. Nevertheless, it would be best if you bought a bike with a higher degree than you necessarily need because the range will drop as the battery is being used and loses its capacity.
8. Shifting Gears
The shifting gear is an integral part of an E-bike where the cyclist would want an excellent speed. The adaptability of this gear is changing speed and shifting gears. It is vital to know that there could be two types of gear shifts on an electric bike: hub and derailleur gears.
On E-bike models this change of speed is usually integrated and is done by gears. This type of gear shift provides the possibility to shift gears without pedaling.
This is a practical solution that helps to prevent any discomfort of the chain and protects it. Coupled with the mid-drive motor, this system may even require a rider to stop pedaling, which is certainly not the most convenient rider's experience.
As a general rule, if you are using your bike mainly in the city or flat location, you can quickly get by with a seven-speed gearbox, especially on an E-bike and on a regular bike without an engine. If you frequently drive in a hilly environment, you should have spare gears at your disposal.
A derailleur system is strong and proven, but it still requires extra maintenance than a hub system. However, it can also withstand higher force, so it's essential for an E-bike.
Purchasing an electric bike it's not really about the risks and cost involved. Ensure you buy a high-quality E-bike that will serve you all you desire from an E-bike.